The rainforest canopy
The rainforest canopy is divided into four main layers: the emergent layer consists of the tallest trees (emergent trees) which can grow to heights of 70m. These trees act as a buffer, sheltering he lower trees from heavy rains.
Beneath this layer is the main canopy of smaller trees which are intertwined with climbing vines and hold flowering plants, called epiphytes, on their branches.
Below this is the understorey containing young saplings and shrubs.
The final layer, the dark forest floor, contains only a few plants, as only 2% of the sunlight reaches this layer of the forest, making it difficult for plants to grow.